IsDB Sustainable Villages Project (SVP)

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    IsDB Sustainable Villages Project (SVP)

    IDB/ISFD–MP Workshop, November 2016, Dakar, Senegal

    The concept of The IDB/ISFD Sustainable Villages Program (SVP) was developed by leveraging the experience and knowledge in the field of community development, particularly the Millennium Villages Project (MVP). It is designed to offer a multi-sector, integrated and innovative model of development for empowering rural communities lift themselves out of poverty, and become active economic agents.

    In 2011, the Islamic Solidarity Fund for Development (ISFD) of the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) launched the Sustainable Villages Program (SVP) to reduce extreme poverty in clusters villages selected in the poorest countries using highly impactful, low cost and sustainable multisectoral development interventions managed by communities and Governments, adapted to the specific needs of villages and designed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015 (the MDG target year). The rural communities are empowered to lift themselves out of poverty, and become active economic agents.

    The concept of SVP was developed by leveraging the experience and knowledge in the field of community development (particularly the Millennium Villages Project) and approved by the Board of Directors of the Islamic Solidarity Fund for Development (ISFD) at its 26th session in Jumada-I 1432H / May 2011.

    While special focus is on the poorer segments of the selected village cluster in the commune, at the same time particular attention is paid to the socio-economic improvement of the female segment of the community. This is carried out through institutional capacity building and provision of basic infrastructure and services in key sectors, such as Agriculture, Health, Education and WASH, which are tailored to the communities’ priority needs.

    The SVP is formulated as an open, multi-donor platform, which facilitate and attract national and international partners to join and collaborate in the project in activities/areas of mutual interest.

    The SVP sectors or components are as follows:

    • Agriculture and Livestock/agribusiness

    • Health, nutrition Water & sanitation

    • Education

    • Rural infrastructure

    • Environment and Ecotourism

    • Capacity development and strengthening of institutions

    To ensure coherence between interventions, goals, targets and indicators, interventions must :

    • Have a high potential impact at a lower cost 

    • Have a quick but lasting impact

    • Have a profound and wide transformation capability

    • Can be implemented by the beneficiaries

    • Can be replicated elsewhere 

    SVP chronological interventions and simultaneity of interventions

     

    Year 1

    Year 2

    Year 3

    Year 4

    Year 5

    Agriculture & Nutrition

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Support in Seeds & fertilizers and good practices

             
     

    Training in extension services

             
     

    Community Store

             
     

    Crops diversification

             

    Education

             
     

    school staff recruitment and acquiring teaching materials

             
     

    Construction & school renovation

             
     

    School canteens

             

    Health

             
     

    Bednet, Immunization, vitamin A, deworming

             
     

    Building clinics and staff recruitment

             
     

    Referral Hospitals

             
     

    Community health workers

             

    Infrastructures

             
     

    Water & Hygiene

             
     

    Roads

             
     

    Electrical network

             

    Enterprise/Business development

             
     

    Value chains analysis

             
     

    Microfinance

             
     

    Rural or peasant enterprise

             

    Capacity developments and institutions

           

     

     

    The SVP is following the multi-sectoral approach to development and while the importance of each sector varies from country to country as well, all six sector or components make up the SVPs. All six sectors are to be implemented simultaneously to ensure synergy between sectors. It is also important to build momentum by “quick win” interventions while working on midterm and long-term objectives (bed net distribution, agricultural inputs, etc.).

    So far SVP projects were developed for Chad and Sudan in 2011; Mozambique and Kyrgyz Republic in 2012, Niger in 2013 but not yet implemented, and Guinea in 2014.

     

     

    SVP organizational framework (multi-scale) :

    Image_SVP organizational framework (multi-scale)

    There are currently 5 SVPs in sub-Saharan Africa and Central Asia :

     

    Districts

    Countries

    Population

    1

    Chui Oblast

    Kyrgyzstan

    118 000

    2

    Molumo Sede

    Mozambique

    62 000

    3

    Kulbus

    Sudan

    50 000

    4

    Salamat 2

    Chad

    45 000

    5

    Banko

    Guinea

    37 452

     

     

    Chad Salamat 2 SVP

    The SVP is implemented in a cluster of 79 villages in the Salamat Canton of the Salamat Region of Chad. This cluster of villages has a total population of 45,000 inhabitants, most of whom live under most basic conditions and suffer from acute poverty, lack of primary healthcare facilities, sanitation and education, as well as poor agricultural yield. Based on their geographical location, these villages have been grouped into five zones, which will guide the development interventions. The number of total of beneficiaries is 8,285 households to which should be added 2,000 nomadic people.

    Image_Crowds of women around a water source -Salamat 2 Chad

     

    Image_Processing & distribution of rain-fed seeds

     

        Crowds of women around a water source -Salamat 2 Chad

        Processing & distribution of rain-fed seeds

     

    Key Indicators

    • Proportion of the population living with less than 1 dollar halved

    • Poverty gap index decreased from 80% to 15%

    • Prevalence of underweight  for under five children reduced by 5%

    • Proportion of population that does not reach the minimum level of caloric intake reduced from 40% to less than 5%

    • 100% Net enrolment ratio in primary education, for boys and girls

    • Primary completion rate of 80%

    • Universal access to reproductive health

    • Reduction of at least 25% of communicable diseases (e.g. malaria, measles) in 2020

    • Universal access to HIV testing and treatment

    • Improving agricultural production and food security

    • Improved access to micro finance and business

     

     

    Guinea Banko SVP

    image_guinee

    Guinea has a population of approximately 12 million covering an area of 245,857 km2. It is highly endowed with natural resources such as bauxite, gold, diamond, fish, fertile land and water. It has a great potential in hydro-power, capable of generating relatively cheap electric power to cover the domestic needs and export to neighboring countries. Notwithstanding the countries physical and economic potentials, remains among the least advanced countries. Based on 2012 data, Guinea had 55.2% poor people (or about 6.2 million people), which is an increase from 53% poverty in 2007.  The proportion of the rural population living below the poverty line was 64.7%. As per the 2013 Human Development Report (HDR), Guinea’s Human Development Index (HDI) value for 2012 is 0.355 – in the Low Human Development group – positioning the country at 178 out of 187 countries. It is also ranked high among the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC), the Low-Income Countries Under Stress (LICUS) and the Fragile States. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are far from being reached.

    The project is implemented in the Commune of Banko, located in the Dabola prefecture of the Faranah region in the Upper Guinea between 10° 45 latitude North and 11° 07 longitude West at 580 m altitude. The area forms the temperate zone between Hamana, Sankaran and Fouta. The commune is located at 50 km from Dabola and includes 13 districts (Kaléla, Hérémakono, Hérako, Nafadji, Souaréla, Dalado, Kébéya I, Kébéya II, Moribéya, Bandankélé, Badiko, Diabary-Dalado, Niandan) and 49 sectors. The northwestern part of the commune is limited by the Banko Mountains (873 m) and the southern part by the ‘Haut Niger” national park covering 50.95% (393.34 Km2) of the total area of Banko. More than 98% of the houses in districts are made of red soil blocks mixed with clay “Banco”.

    image_Health Centre of Banko Centre

     

    image_Niandan Primary School

     

        Health Centre of Banko Centre

        Niandan Primary School

    The Commune of Banko is one of the poorest areas in Guinea. However, there is significant potential for growth with the right stimulus and targeted interventions, especially in agricultural productivity including livestock. As such, the GOG has attached high priority to the proposed project as it is expected to facilitate development interventions specifically aimed at increasing household incomes for the poor segments of the communities and accelerating the achievement of the MDGs through the various interventions. There have been no previous development interventions by any multilateral donors in Banko.

    The commune of Banko is located in the prefecture of Dabola, region of Faranah in the Upper Guinea.

     

    Key Indicators

    At completion the project is expected to deliver the following key results:

    • 37,452 people from the Commune of Banko will directly benefit from the multi-sector interventions of the SVP

    • Increased income levels for members of community solidarity groups (at least 80 groups, 2,000 individuals), especially among the poorest segment of the community

    • Increased yield and improved product quality for approximately 5,685 producers in the area

    • 100% enrolment and completion of primary education among both genders in the project area

    • Significant reduction in maternal and child mortality and morbidity rates of at least 2/3 of the baseline situation by the end of the project.

     

     

    Kyrgyz Republic SVP

    The project area covers a cluster of population in Chui Oblast and is located in the following raions: Kemin, Jaiyl and Panfilov Raions. The Chui Oblast was selected as pilot location for the SVP by the Government of Kyrgyzstan based on considerations of:

    1. High population density and prevailing demographic trends in Chui Oblast

    2. Internal migration creating pressure on existing socio-economic infrastructure to in the Oblast

    3. Concentration of international donors’ aid in the southern part of the country and hence scarcity of support to northern oblasts, especially in remote areas of Chui Oblast

    4. Persistent poverty pockets and deteriorating socio-economic conditions  in the Oblast

    5. Proximity and clustering of raions within the project location would also be success factor of the SVP.

     

    image_First aid

     

    image_Bishkek

     

        First aid post in Bulak-Bashy Village-Ala-Buka Raion-Jalal-Abad Oblast

        Bishkek 21.5 km of asphalt roads  built in 7 Novostroiki  to be used by over 30,000 people

     

    Key Indicators

    • Percentage increase in agricultural output

    • New permanent job created from business development

    • Percentage reduction in population under national poverty line (currently estimated to be around 25,000 households)

    • Reduction in underweight children aged 1-6 years

    • Reduction in under-5 Child Mortality (per 100,000 live births) and Maternal Mortality (per 100,000 live births)

    • Population served with access to clean water

     

     

    Mozambique Molumo Sede SVP

    Despite its impressive and sustained economic growth, Mozambique has a high poverty incidence, particularly in the rural areas. The Human Development Index is also among the lowest in the world, with lack of access to basic services and extreme weather patterns compounding the situation and threatening the well-being of the communities.

    The project is implemented in the Molumo Sede village cluster in the Milange District of Zambezia Province. The province of Zambezia, has one of the highest poverty incidences in the country with the Milange District having a higher concentration. Molumbo Sede, the direct project area is located approximately 100 km from Milange town (the district capital). It has 20 settlements within a 25 km radius of proximity and a population of 62,000 (of an equal gender mix). More than half of the population is of school-going age. The main crops grown in the area are maize, sorghum, sunflower, beans, soy, and chilies.

    img

                                  Construction of the Technology Transfer Center for Human Development (CTTDH) of Molumbo

     

    Key Indicators

    • 62,000 direct beneficiaries from Molumo Sede village cluster

    • Improvement in the income levels of the Community Self-Help Group (SHG) members (at least 500 SHGs, i.e. 7500 individuals), especially from the poorer segments of the community

    • Improved yields and quality of crops

    • Greater enrollment and completion of primary education among both genders in the project area

    • A significant reduction in Maternal and Child Mortality and Morbidity rates

     

     

    Sudan Kulbus SVP

    The SVP in Sudan is undertaken in the Kulbus Locality of West Darfur State. West Darfur is the least populated of the three Darfur States with a high proportion of the population residing in internally-displaced person camps and hard-to-reach areas. The security situation in some areas is leading to a lack of access to essential services for vulnerable populations.

    img_discussion

     

    img_Gender participation

     

        Joint discussion for community empowerment and group formation

        Gender participation

     

    The direct beneficiaries are the communities in Kulbus city and the surrounding 32-village cluster, having a population of around 50,000. However, the entire Kulbus locality with its 93 villages and total population of about 118,000 inhabitants will also benefit indirectly from the project interventions. The focus is on improving the household income levels in the area, with particular attention to the socio-economic improvement with the female segment of the community. The other beneficiary is the Local Government of the State of West Darfur, whose capacity will be concurrently enhanced over the course of the project.

     

    Key indicators

    • A significant reduction in Maternal and Child Mortality and Morbidity rates

    • Greater enrollment and completion of primary education among both genders in the Kulbus area

    • Improved yields (at least double the baseline quantity) and quality of crops and livestock  in the area

    • Improvement in the income levels of the Community Self-Help Group (SHG) members (at least 500 SHGs, i.e. 7500 individuals, with 50% women participation), especially from the poorer segments

    • Strengthened Peace and Reconciliation Framework through the development of early warning systems, conflict resolutions methods, risk mapping and other international best-practices